Subsecciones


Definiendo Operadores (La Clase Point)

  1. We’d like the + operator to perform vector addition of two Point objects,
  2. the * operator to multiply a Point by a scalar,
  3. and the unary operator to do the equivalent of multiplying by –1.
Method-based operators such as + are simply methods with punctuation for names.

Because there are unary and binary forms of the operator, Ruby uses the method name –@ for unary minus.

Here is a version of the Point class with mathematical operators defined:

[~/rubytesting/TheRubyProgrammingLanguage/Chapter7ClassesAndModules/point]$ cat -n point.rb 
     1	class Point
     2	  attr_reader :x, :y   # Define accessor methods for our instance variables
     3	
     4	  include Comparable
     5	  include Enumerable
     6	
     7	  def initialize(x,y)
     8	    @x,@y = x, y
     9	  end
    10	
    11	  def to_s        # Return a String that represents this point
    12	    "(#@x,#@y)"   # Just interpolate the instance variables into a string
    13	  end
    14	
    15	  def chuchu
    16	    "Point: chuchu"
    17	  end
    18	  private :chuchu
    19	
    20	  def +(other)         # Define + to do vector addition
    21	    Point.new(@x + other.x, @y + other.y)
    22	  end
    23	
    24	  def -@               # Define unary minus to negate both coordinates
    25	    Point.new(-@x, -@y)
    26	  end
    27	
    28	  def *(scalar)        # Define * to perform scalar multiplication
    29	    return Point.new(@x*scalar,   @y*scalar) if scalar.is_a? Numeric
    30	    return Point.new(@x*scalar.x, @y*scalar.y) if scalar.is_a? Point
    31	  end
    32	
    33	  def coerce(other)
    34	    [self, other]
    35	  end
    36	
    37	  def [](index)
    38	    case index
    39	    when 0, -2 then @x         # Index 0 (or -2) is the X coordinate
    40	    when 1, -1 then @y         # Index 1 (or -1) is the Y coordinate
    41	
    42	    when :x, "x" then @x       # Hash keys as symbol or string for X
    43	    when :y, "y" then @y       # Hash keys as symbol or string for Y
    44	    else nil               # Arrays and hashes just return nil on bad indexes
    45	    end
    46	  end
    47	
    48	  def hash
    49	    code = 17
    50	    code = 37*code + @x.hash
    51	    code = 37*code + @y.hash
    52	    code
    53	  end
    54	
    55	  def eql?(o)
    56	    return @x.eql?(o.x) && @y.eql?(o.y) if o.instance_of? Point
    57	    false
    58	  end
    59	
    60	  def ==(o)
    61	    return @x == o.x && @y  == o.y if o.instance_of? Point
    62	    false
    63	  end
    64	
    65	  def <=>(o)
    66	    return nil unless o.instance_of? Point
    67	    @x*@x+@y*@y <=> o.x*o.x+o.y*o.y
    68	  end
    69	
    70	end
    71	
    72	if __FILE__ == $0
    73	  p = Point.new(1,2)
    74	  q = Point.new(1,1)
    75	  puts p
    76	  puts -p
    77	  puts p+q
    78	  puts p*q
    79	  puts p*2
    80	  puts 2*p
    81	
    82	  puts "#{p[0]}, #{p[1]}"
    83	  puts "#{p[-2]}, #{p[-1]}"
    84	  puts "#{p[:x]}, #{p[:y]}"
    85	  puts "#{p['x']}, #{p['y']}"
    86	
    87	  m = { p => 1, q => 2 }
    88	  puts m[p]
    89	  puts m[q]
    90	
    91	
    92	  # It is not a total order relation
    93	  r = Point.new(2, 1)
    94	  puts p > r
    95	  puts r > p
    96	  puts r == p
    97	  puts q < p
    98	  puts "#{[p, q, r].sort}"
    99	  puts [p, q, r].min
   100	  puts [p, q, r, Point.new(4,3)].max
   101	
   102	
   103	end

Enlaces Relacionados

  1. Comparable
  2. Enumerable
  3. Variables de Instancia
  4. Métodos de Acceso
  5. Variables de Clase
  6. Métodos de Clase
  7. Visibilidad de los métodos
  8. Los métodos private, public y protected son métodos de instancia privados de
  9. Variables de Instancia de Clase Module

Casiano Rodriguez León 2015-06-18