Rutas/Routes

Repase la sección HTTP 31.5.

Vease el código de este ejemplo en GitHub

Aplicacion

[~/Dropbox/src/ruby/sinatra/sinatra-simple(master)]$ cat app.rb
require 'sinatra/base'

class App < Sinatra::Base
  get '/' do
    "hello get!"
  end

  post '/' do
    'hello post!'
  end

  put '/' do
    'hello put!'
  end

  delete '/' do
    'hello delete!'
  end

  get '/:name' do |name|
    "hello #{name}!"
  end

  get '/:name/?:apelido1?' do |name, apellido|
    "hello #{apellido}, #{name}!"
  end
end

In Sinatra, a route is an HTTP method paired with a URL-matching pattern. Each route is associated with a block

Routes are matched in the order they are defined. The first route that matches the request is invoked.

Route patterns may include named parameters, accessible via the params hash:

        get '/hello/:name' do
          # matches "GET /hello/foo" and "GET /hello/bar"
          # params[:name] is 'foo' or 'bar'
          "Hello #{params[:name]}!"
        end

You can also access named parameters via block parameters:

        get '/:name' do |name|
          "hello #{name}!"
        end

Route patterns may also include splat (or wildcard) parameters, accessible via the params[:splat] array:

        get '/say/*/to/*' do
          # matches /say/hello/to/world
          params[:splat] # => ["hello", "world"]
        end

        get '/download/*.*' do
          # matches /download/path/to/file.xml
          params[:splat] # => ["path/to/file", "xml"]
        end

config.ru

[~/sinatra/sinatra-simple(master)]$ cat config.ru 
require './app'

run App

Rakefile

[~/sinatra/sinatra-simple(master)]$ cat Rakefile 
task :default => :server

desc "run server"
task :server do
  sh "rackup"
end

desc "make a get / request via curl"
task :get do
  sh "curl -v localhost:9292"
end

desc "make a post / request via curl"
task :post do
  sh "curl -X POST -v -d 'ignored data' localhost:9292"
end

desc "make a put / request via curl"
task :put do
  sh "curl -X PUT -v localhost:9292"
end

desc "make a DELETE / request via curl"
task :delete do
  sh "curl -X DELETE -v localhost:9292"
end

desc "make a get /name request via curl"
task :getname, :name do |t,h|
  name = h[:name] or 'pepe'
  sh "curl -v localhost:9292/#{name}"
end

desc "make a get /name/appellido request via curl"
task :getfullname, :name, :apellido do |t,h|
  name = h[:name] or 'pepe'
  apellido = h[:apellido] or 'rodriguez'
  sh "curl -v localhost:9292/#{name}/#{apellido}"
end

task :html do
  sh "kramdown README.md > README.html"
end

Ejecución del servidor

[~/sinatra/sinatra-simple(master)]$ rake server
rackup
>> Thin web server (v1.5.1 codename Straight Razor)
>> Maximum connections set to 1024
>> Listening on 0.0.0.0:9292, CTRL+C to stop
127.0.0.1 - - [01/Jul/2013 20:25:16] "GET /juana HTTP/1.1" 200 12 0.0689

Ejecución de los clientes

[~/Dropbox/src/ruby/sinatra/sinatra-simple(master)]$ rake getname[juana]
{:name=>"juana"}
curl -v localhost:9292/juana
* About to connect() to localhost port 9292 (#0)
*   Trying ::1... Connection refused
*   Trying 127.0.0.1... connected
* Connected to localhost (127.0.0.1) port 9292 (#0)
> GET /juana HTTP/1.1
> User-Agent: curl/7.21.4 (universal-apple-darwin11.0) libcurl/7.21.4 OpenSSL/0.9.8x zlib/1.2.5
> Host: localhost:9292
> Accept: */*
> 
< HTTP/1.1 200 OK
< Content-Type: text/html;charset=utf-8
< Content-Length: 12
< X-XSS-Protection: 1; mode=block
< X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
< X-Frame-Options: SAMEORIGIN
< Connection: keep-alive
< Server: thin 1.5.1 codename Straight Razor
< 
* Connection #0 to host localhost left intact
* Closing connection #0
hello juana!

[~/Dropbox/src/ruby/sinatra/sinatra-simple(master)]$ rake getfullname[Ana,Hernandez]
curl -v localhost:9292/Ana/Hernandez
* About to connect() to localhost port 9292 (#0)
*   Trying ::1... Connection refused
*   Trying 127.0.0.1... connected
* Connected to localhost (127.0.0.1) port 9292 (#0)
> GET /Ana/Hernandez HTTP/1.1
> User-Agent: curl/7.21.4 (universal-apple-darwin11.0) libcurl/7.21.4 OpenSSL/0.9.8x zlib/1.2.5
> Host: localhost:9292
> Accept: */*
> 
< HTTP/1.1 200 OK
< Content-Type: text/html;charset=utf-8
< Content-Length: 21
< X-XSS-Protection: 1; mode=block
< X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
< X-Frame-Options: SAMEORIGIN
< Connection: keep-alive
< Server: thin 1.5.1 codename Straight Razor
< 
* Connection #0 to host localhost left intact
* Closing connection #0
hello Hernandez, Ana!



Subsecciones
Casiano Rodriguez León 2015-06-18